Sunday, 19 May 2013

Understand Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

This blog has been now viewed by 900 visitors
Disclaimer : All the postings of mine in this Blog are only my collection. MY ALL EFFORT IS COPY PASTE ONLY. Most of them are received in my email inbox, Some are downloaded from internet posted by some one else. I am just saving some time of readers to get them readily available. So none of these are my own creation. I believe I am not violating any copy rights law or taking any illegal action am not supposed to do.If anything is objectionable, please notify so that they can be removed.
Hyper tension or high BP is now a fairly common ailment, especially among senior executives and citizen. This article recounts the points which are now well known.

Understand Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

Celeste Robb-Nicholson, M.D.

A silent condition like high blood pressure is sneaky. It generally doesn't cause any outward signs or symptoms, and yet it relentlessly causes problems in the arteries, heart, kidneys, and elsewhere.
High blood pressure,  also known as hypertension,  isn't a disease. It is a sign that something is wrong in the body.
In some people with hypertension, the culprit is a narrowing of the arteries supplying the kidneys (renal artery stenosis), or an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or adrenal glands (aldosteronism).
If these are treated, blood pressure drops back to normal - Most of the time, though, no immediate cause can be identified. Doctors call this essential hypertension.

Effects On Health

High blood pressure imposes an up-front burden in people who know they have it and who are working to control it. It adds to worries about health. It alters what you eat and how active you are, since a low-salt diet and exercise are important ways to help keep blood pressure in check.
High blood pressure often requires you to take one or more pills a day, which can be a costly hassle.
There are long-term consequences, too. High blood pressure contributes to the development of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney disease. In the United States, it directly accounts for about 60,000 deaths a year and contributes to another 300,000.
Then there are hidden burdens. Perhaps because of all the ways hypertension interferes with health, the average life span for people with it is five years shorter than it is for those with normal blood pressure. A team of Spanish researchers has tallied up another hidden drain of high blood pressure,  its effect on survival and rehospitalization after someone is admitted to the hospital for a heart problem.
The researchers looked at 1,007 men and women admitted to the hospital over a 10-month period for any potentially heart-related problem. These ranged from chest pain and fainting to heart attack, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and pericarditis. In this group, 69% had been diagnosed with high blood pressure before being admitted to the hospital.
Each person was followed for one year. At the end of that time, 17% of those with high blood pressure had died, compared with 9% of those with normal blood pressure. Rehospitalization for a cardiac problem followed the same pattern: 31% of those with high blood pressure were rehospitalized, while only 18% of those without it were.

Keeping The Burden At Bay

It is possible to blunt the effects of hypertension by keeping blood pressure in check with medications and lifestyle choices. Preventing it from getting started is even better.
How? The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and the American Heart Association offer these recommendations:
 Control your weight.
 Exercise regularly.
 Follow a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
 Limit sodium intake to under 2,300 milligrams a day (one teaspoon of salt), and get plenty of potassium (at least 4,700 mg per day) from fruits and vegetables.
 Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
 Reduce stress.
 Check your blood pressure.

No comments:

Post a Comment